Behavioral Health Training for Police Officers: A Prevention Program | FBI: Law Enforcement Bulletin (2023)

September 10, 2020

ByVincent B. Van Hasselt, Ph.D.,Kristin E.KlimleyMargres,M.S.,Steve Geller,M.P.A.,andSamantha Rodriguez

Behavioral Health Training for Police Officers: A Prevention Program | FBI: Law Enforcement Bulletin (1)

In 2018, shortly after 2:00 p.m. on Valentine’s Day, a lone gunman entered Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. Once inside, the perpetrator—a former student at the school—began shooting at fleeing students and staff members, killing 17 and injuring 14 others. In response, approximately 50 police officers entered the building to locate and neutralize the subject and provide first aid to the injured where possible.

(Video) Mental Health First Aid: A Primer for Public Health Professionals and Communities

Throughout the event, emergency dispatchers fielded calls from frantic students, panic-stricken parents, and frenzied staff. This proved the deadliest school shooting since the Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre in 2012.

That evening, local media outlets covering the incident repeatedly advised that all of the school’s students and staff members would receive crisis counseling. However, they made no mention of the availability—or need—of any such assistance for the numerous police officers and other first responders directly involved.

Many possible reasons could explain why the care and wellness of police officers, as well as fire rescue personnel and emergency dispatchers, often are considered as an afterthought, if at all. For instance, the public generally believes that these professionals simply perform their expected duties and that they have become desensitized due to their frequent exposure to critical incidents—referred to by psychologists as “traumas.” In fact, many law enforcement administrators may feel that such is the nature of police work and that officers must pull themselves together immediately after a crisis.

Unfortunately, years of research on stress and mental health among police officers yielded troubling findings. There are clear indications that officers risk developing mental and physical health issues due—at least in part—to trauma exposure and certain maladaptive coping strategies still supported by police culture.1 Problems documented as more prevalent among officers than the general population include depression;2 alcohol abuse;3 cardiovascular disease;4 relationship conflict, such as marital discord and domestic violence;5 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);6 and suicide.7

Officers with PTSD often encounter coexisting difficulties. For example, law enforcement personnel experienced increased psychological distress and bereavement after the 9/11 attacks, and officers who responded to Hurricane Katrina had elevated levels of coexisting PTSD and depression.8 Those diagnosed with PTSD also can struggle with anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and substance abuse.9 Further, a significant relationship apparently exists between PTSD and suicidality among police officers.10

These unsettling findings underscore the well-known contention that police work is a high-risk profession. They also highlight the need for an effective, coordinated response from the law enforcement and mental health communities directed toward assessment, prevention, and intervention. To this end, the authors present a valuable effort that can not only help counteract the toxicity of a policing career but also serve as one important component in such a comprehensive effort.

Prevention Program

Behavioral Health Training (BHT) for police officers is a preventive strategy that can 1) increase awareness of specific problems that characterize a subset of law enforcement professionals, 2) provide psychoeducation concerning both risk of and protective factors for possible difficulties, and 3) facilitate efforts to identify problems as early as possible and intervene with personnel before they become resistant to change. It offers agencies an example to follow when collaborating with inside and outside resources to provide needed education and awareness for participating officers.

The authors recommend that BHT should begin at the academy level, followed by inclusion in ongoing mandatory departmental training. Also, repeated presentations would help reduce the stigma of stress- and mental health-related issues, thus facilitating peer awareness and support. Traditionally, police agencies have proven difficult to “infiltrate” for mental health providers desiring to help. A prevention program like BHT, focused on education and increased awareness, serves as a useful and safe starting point.

In the design of BHT, the authors recognized the need to present material in a manner that fits with law enforcement culture. They achieved this in the description of content; presentation style; selection of instructors; inclusion of media (e.g., pictures, videos); and use of an optimistic, upbeat, and relaxed approach throughout. While many topics, such as depression, PTSD, and suicide, are inherently negative in nature, the use of a lighthearted approach proves helpful in eliciting favorable responses from program participants and maintaining their interest.

The 2-hour BHT program resulted from a collaboration between a police agency and the psychology department of a local university. It targets areas deemed important by prior law enforcement research combined with the authors’ personal experience as mental health and police professionals. Sessions focus on the most significant issues that characterize too many police officers—stress, depression, substance abuse, sleep problems, anxiety and PTSD, and suicide. In addition, outside resources for additional help are presented.


BHT initially focuses on stress because of its high correlation with the subsequent areas of concern. Instructors cover the fight-or-flight response, physiological effects of stress, and connections to adverse health outcomes. For example, between 2009 and 2018, job-related illnesses caused 25 percent of officer deaths.11

Additionally, this section addresses external and internal stressors related to law enforcement. External stressors include supervisory oversight, antiquated or broken equipment, excessive overtime, frequent rotating shifts, and regular changes in duties. Internal stressors consist of family problems, financial difficulties, and perhaps a second job for additional income—and more time away from home.

Finally, an interactive quiz identifies common misconceptions pertaining to stress, such as its correlation with ulcers, and helps normalize the experience of stress both on the job and at home. Discussions focus on the various manifestations of stress (e.g., physical, psychological, emotional, and behavioral), and a review of positive and negative coping techniques follows. At the end of this section, instructors suggest effective behavioral health interventions, such as breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, social support, and self-care.

(Video) How to Answer Behavioral Interview Questions Sample Answers

“Research clearly indicates that police officers can develop mental and physical health issues because of the traumas they face during their career.”


In this segment, instructors emphasize that depression—as well as other mental health problems—constitutes an illness, not a weakness. They also identify other common myths, such as “depressed people never feel happy” and “only medication can treat depression.”

A discussion regarding how the condition manifests in various individuals reveals a wide range of signs, including feelings of guilt, changes in weight, relationship problems, sleep difficulties, irritability, increased substance use, and isolation. Specific risk factors for police officers, such as shift work, a hostile work environment, and mandatory overtime, are delineated.

Instructors explain the impact of depression on officers, relating that it can lead to high rates of absenteeism, friction between colleagues, increased anger outbursts, and relationship conflicts.

Finally, general risk factors for depression (e.g., relationship or financial problems, alcohol use, and personal loss) are reviewed.

Substance Abuse

Researchers have concluded that alcohol consumption among police officers is reinforced by law enforcement culture and, further, that it comprises part of socialization and serves as a way to cope with the stressors of the profession.12 According to estimates, alcohol use among officers doubles that of civilians.13

This section addresses the abuse of alcohol, as well as illicit substances and steroids. After presenting research that documents rates of excessive alcohol use among law enforcement officers—ranging from 25 to 50 percent—instructors describe signs of such abuse.14Additionally, a true-or-false quiz helps expose common myths, such as the belief that alcohol kills brain cells.

A discussion of steroid use features a video illustration of such practice among police officers. Instructors present common motivations for use, symptoms (e.g., mania or hypomania, psychosis, and personality changes), and resulting consequences (e.g., acne, baldness, high blood pressure, and abnormal liver function).

Sleep Problems

In this unit, instructors highlight sleep issues within law enforcement—as many as 40 percent of officers meet the criteria for sleep disorders.15 They discuss both short-term complications (e.g., decreased alertness, memory impairment, occupational injury) and long-term problems (e.g., increased cardiovascular disease, lowered immune system, obesity) related to sleep disturbance.

Educational video clips of sleep-deprived drivers review and illustrate signs of insufficient sleep. Additionally, common myths are discussed and dispelled. These include the beliefs that older persons require less sleep and that snoring is harmless.

Instructors also cover sleep hygiene and offer a list of suggestions—keeping in mind that one technique may not work for every individual—that officers can follow to reduce sleep problems. For instance, officers should restrict the use of the bedroom to sleep and sexual activity, adjust lighting and temperature as necessary, time naps appropriately, reduce caffeine and alcohol use, know when to sleep, and handle nightly awakening properly.

Anxiety and PTSD

For this section, instructors present information regarding excessive stress and anxiety that can occur among police officers, including types of conditions like generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Then, they review signs related to anxiety.

Importantly, instructors also address PTSD. Given their continuous exposure to traumatic events, an estimated 7 to 19 percent of police officers experience symptoms of PTSD, compared with approximately 8 percent of civilians.16 Often, PTSD coexists with other difficulties addressed by the BHT program, including suicide.

This segment features an in-depth discussion of PTSD, including common signs and symptoms. A video covers the professional and personal impact of PTSD on officers. Finally, instructors talk about recommendations and interventions (e.g., critical incident stress management, referrals to outside professionals) following traumatic incidents and identify resources for help.

(Video) GAINS Webinar: Health Care, Public Safety, and Behavioral Health Part1


This topic holds particular importance because police officers commit suicide 69 percent more frequently than civilians. Further, they are two to three times more likely to die by suicide than by on-the-job violence.17 Instructors present common risk factors, signs, symptoms, and interventions.

Warning signs, such as giving away possessions, exhibiting mood changes, and displaying feelings of hopelessness, receive emphasis to help officers recognize potential problems in themselves or their peers. Officers receive instructions on how to approach colleagues who appear at risk for self-harm. Recommendations include not leaving such individuals alone, listening attentively, asking them directly about suspected suicidality, and notifying others when necessary.

Outside Resources

The final section of BHT provides community-specific and nationwide resources for mental health support. For instance, national telephone lines available 24/7, such as 1-800-SUICIDE and 1-800-273-TALK, offer help to those with suicidal thoughts, plans, or intent. Safe Call Now ( represents another useful resource because it is staffed with first responders. Instructors also recommend departmental and local resources to officers who want further mental health assistance or support.

“The 2-hour BHT program resulted from a collaboration between a police agency and the psychology department of a local university.”

Collaborative Approach

Based on prior research, as well as their own experience, the authors deem necessary a comprehensive approach to identification, prevention, and intervention geared specifically to the care and wellness of police officers. This requires several elements, of which BHT comprises just one. A continuum of care must cover mental and physical health domains.

This proposed strategy is consistent with current prevention models that include efforts in three categories.

  1. Primary prevention programs focus on averting problems or psychological disorders from developing. Typically, they are applied to large populations or groups and are psychoeducational in nature. BHT serves as an excellent example where all officers in a police academy or agency receive a program designed to increase knowledge, awareness, and resilience. While not all recipients may be viewed as at-risk, everyone receives the training to help prevent future mental health problems.
  2. Secondary prevention involves interventions for officers who show early psychological or physical symptoms or difficulties with the intention of averting more serious conditions later. For instance, critical incident stress debriefings or defusings typically follow an unusually traumatic event (e.g., line of duty shooting death, serious injury of an officer, death involving a child). This group strategy includes only officers directly involved with the incident, some of whom perhaps strongly impacted. Another example is the use of peer support/counseling programs geared toward training officers to recognize signs and symptoms and assist coworkers who show indications of psychological distress.18 Such efforts may help reduce the resistance to and stigma associated with seeking help and improve the ability to reduce burnout from critical incident-related stress.19
  3. Tertiary prevention focuses on persons with already-established psychological problems and involves 1) preventing the worsening of these, 2) restoring individuals to the highest level of functioning possible, and 3) implementing interventions designed to decrease the likelihood of relapse. This involves referrals to a mental health provider (e.g., counselor, psychologist, psychiatrist) experienced in working with such problems, ideally involving police officers.

A best-practice mental health approach with law enforcement must involve efforts in all three prevention categories. Actions illustrative of such a model would be providing BHT (primary prevention); implementing peer support training and critical incident stress management efforts (secondary prevention); and offering referrals to resources like mental health professionals in the community when more intensive intervention becomes necessary (tertiary prevention).

Unfortunately, officers historically have held negative perceptions of mental health professionals, stemming largely from the influence of police culture and the traditional view of them as adversaries, rather than as allies.20 Consequently, providers must be carefully vetted with regard to a number of factors, most notably their interest and experience working with police officers and their knowledge and understanding of law enforcement.

Successful Intervention

After the incident at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School and the exposure of officers and dispatchers to extreme trauma, early critical incident intervention became a primary concern for the administrators of responding police agencies. In the afternoon following the shootings, contact was made with a local mental health practitioner and a law enforcement administrator (two of the authors) experienced in critical incident stress management and debriefings as well as BHT.21

A team composed of several local police departments’ certified critical incident stress debriefers was summoned. The team used a combination of debriefings, crisis counseling, and components of BHT with the officers involved. Through the application of these approaches, psychoeducation regarding risk factors, stress management techniques, and peer support were provided.

Further, open dialogue between the mental health practitioner, personnel trained to assist with crisis response, and officers who responded to the scene focused on addressing the impacted officers’ current emotional reactions as well as suggesting strategies for coping in the coming days and months. The interactions with peers helped officers learn about tapping into work and family support systems and becoming intuitive about their own mental health. Additionally, officers were encouraged to seek professional assistance if they began to experience PTSD symptoms.

Through this comprehensive approach, the officers gained a knowledge base to help themselves and their peers, should the need arise. Further, resources in the community were identified for those seeking additional assistance from the mental health community.

“…the authors deem necessary a comprehensive approach to identification, prevention, and intervention geared specifically to the care and wellness of police officers.”

(Video) Federal Support for Behavioral Health and Justice Responses: Best Practices, Resources and Education


Research clearly indicates that police officers can develop mental and physical health issues because of the traumas they face during their career. An effective, coordinated response from the law enforcement and mental health communities is needed to address the care and wellness needs of these professionals.

Behavioral Health Training is an excellent primary prevention program that agencies can use to build the knowledge, awareness, and resilience of all officers. It addresses several significant issues that can impact personnel after traumatic events. While not all recipients may be viewed as at-risk, everyone receives the training to help prevent future mental health problems.

Secondary prevention efforts, such as critical incident stress management, have become popular in many local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and serve as another important element. Evidence for peer support training suggests their value as well.

Finally, agencies must employ tertiary prevention measures for officers who have established psychological problems. A list of resources should be available to personnel in the event that a more intensive response (e.g., counseling, therapy, hospitalization) is needed.

Such a comprehensive approach proves necessary to address the mental health problems that can result from this difficult profession.

Dr. Van Hasselt, a professor of psychology at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdaleand a certified police officer inFlorida, can be reached at

Ms.KlimleyMargres, a clinical psychology graduate student and apsychology intern atEdithNourseRogers Memorial Veterans Hospital in Bedford,Massachusetts, can be reached at 

Captain Geller serveswiththe Plantation, Florida, Police Department and can be reached at

Ms. Rodriguez is a doctoral candidate in police psychology at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and can be reached at


1 Bryan L. Steinkopf, Kori A. Hakala, and Vincent B. Van Hasselt, “Motivational Interviewing: Improving the Delivery of Psychological Services to Law Enforcement,” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 46, no. 5 (2015): 348-354, accessed July 25, 2019,
2 Tara A. Hartley et al., “Health Disparities in Police Officers: Comparisons to the U.S. General Population,”International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 13, no. 4 (January 2011): 211-220, accessed July 25, 2019,; and John M. Violanti, “Police Suicide: A National Comparison with Fire-fighter and Military personnel,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 33, no. 2 (June 2010): 270-286, accessed July 25, 2019,
3 James F. Ballenger et al., “Patterns and Predictors of Alcohol Use in Male and Female Urban Police Officers,”American Journal on Addictions 20, no. 1 (February 2011): 21-29, accessed July 25, 2019,; and Jeremy Davey, Patricia L. Obst, and Mary Sheehan, “Demographic and Workplace Characteristics Which Add to the Prediction of Stress and Job Satisfaction Within the Police Workplace,” Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 16, no. 1 (March 2001): 29-39, accessed July 25, 2019,

4 Davey, Obst, and Sheehan.
5 Ellen Kirschman, Mark Kamena, and Joel Fay, Counseling Cops: What Clinicians Need to Know (New York, NY: The Guilford Press, 2014); Shawn P. McCoy and Michael G. Aamodt, “A Comparison of Law Enforcement Divorce Rates with Those of Other Occupations,” Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 25, no. 1 (April 2010): 1-16, accessed July 25, 2019,; and Peter H. Neidig, Harold E. Russell, and Albert F. Seng, “Interspousal Aggression in Law Enforcement Families: A Preliminary Investigation,” Police Studies: The International Review of Police Development 15, no. 1 (Spring 1992), accessed July 25, 2019,
6 Kristin E. Klimley, Vincent B. Van Hasselt, and Ashley M. Stripling, “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Police, Firefighters, and Emergency Dispatchers,” Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal 43 (August 2018), accessed July 25, 2019,; and Kim S. Ménard and Michael L. Arter, “Police Officer Alcohol Use and Trauma Symptoms: Associations with Critical Incidents, Coping, and Social Stressors,” International Journal of Stress Management 20, no. 1 (February 2013), accessed July 25, 2019, _Symptoms_Associations_With_Critical_Incidents_Coping_and_Social_Stressors.
7 Mark H. Chae and Douglas J. Boyle, “Police Suicide: Prevalence, Risk, and Protective Factors,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 36, no. 1 (March 2013), accessed July 25, 2019,; and John M. Violanti, Cynthia F. Robinson, and Rui Shen, “Law Enforcement Suicide: A National Analysis,” International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 15, no. 4 (January 2013): 289-297, accessed July 25, 2019,
8 Megan A. Perrin et al., “Differences in PTSD Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors Among World Trade Center Disaster Rescue and Recovery Workers,” American Journal of Psychiatry 164, no. 9 (October 2007): 1385-1394, accessed July 25, 2019,
and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Hazard Evaluation of Police Officers and Firefighters After Hurricane Katrina—New Orleans, Louisiana, October 17-28 and November 30-December 5, 2005, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 55, no. 16 (April 28, 2006): 456-458, accessed July 25, 2019,
9 H. Javidi and M. Yadollahie, “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,” The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 3, no. 1 (January 2012), accessed July 25, 2019,; and Melissa Martin et al., “Predictors of the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Police Officers,”Journal of Trauma and Dissociation 10, no. 4 (2009): 451-468, accessed July 25, 2019,
10 Brian A. Chopko, Patrick A. Palmieri, and Vanessa C. Facemire, “Prevalence and Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Among U.S. Law Enforcement Officers,” Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology 29, no. 1 (April 2014): 1-9, accessed July 29, 2019,; Deborah B. Maia et al., “Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms in an Elite Unit of Brazilian Police Officers: Prevalence and Impact on Psychosocial Functioning and on Physical and Mental Health,” Journal of Affective Disorders 97, no. 1-3 (January 2007): 241-245, accessed July 29, 2019,; and John M. Violanti et al., “Shift-Work and Suicide Ideation Among Police Officers,” American Journal of Industrial Medicine 51, no. 10 (October 2008): 758-768, accessed July 29, 2019,
11 “Causes of Law Enforcement Deaths over the Past Decade (2009-2018),” National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, accessed September 5, 2019,
12 John M. Violanti, “Predictors of Police Suicide Ideation,” Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 34, no. 3 (February 2004): 277-283, accessed August 13, 2019,; and Mark H. Chae and Douglas J. Boyle, “Police Suicide: Prevalence, Risk, and Protective Factors,” Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 36, no. 1 (March 2013): 91-118, accessed August 13, 2019,
13 James F. Ballenger et al., “Patterns and Predictors of Alcohol Use in Male and Female Urban Police Officers,” American Journal on Addictions 20, no. 1 (February 2011): 21-29, accessed August 13, 2019,; and Vicki Lindsay, “Police Officers and Their Alcohol Consumption: Should We Be Concerned?”Police Quarterly 11, no. 1 (2008), accessed August 13, 2019,
14 Chad L. Cross and Larry Ashley, “Police Trauma and Addiction: Coping with the Dangers of the Job,” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, October 2004, accessed September 5, 2019,
15 Shantha M.W. Rajaratnam, Laura K. Barger, and Steven W. Lockley, “Sleep Disorders, Health, and Safety in Police Officers,” JAMA 306, no. 23 (2011): 2567-2578, accessed September 4, 2019,
16 Justine Phifer et al., “Pain Symptomology and Pain Medication Use in Civilian PTSD,” Pain 152, no. 10 (2011): 2233-2240, accessed August 13, 2019,; and Chengmei Yuan et al., “Protective Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in a Prospective Study of Police Officers,” Psychiatry Research 188, no. 1 (November 2010), accessed August 13, 2019,
17 Violanti, Robinson, and Shen.
18 Cynthia Dowdall-Thomae, Sean Culliney, and Jeff Piechura, “Peer Support Action Plan: Northwest Fire and Rescue,” International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 11, no. 3 (June 2009): 177-183, accessed July 29, 2019,; William J. Ussery and Judith A. Waters, “COP2COP Hotlines: Programs to Address the Needs of First Responders and Their Families,” Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 6, no. 1 (February 2006): 66-78, accessed July 29, 2019,; and Vincent B. Van Hasselt et al., “Peers as Law Enforcement Support (PALS): An Early Prevention Program,” Aggression and Violent Behavior 48 (September-October 2019): 1-5, accessed August 13, 2019,
19 Bryan L. Steinkopf et al., “Behavioral Health Training for Fire Rescue Personnel,” Fire Engineering, December 1, 2016, accessed July 29, 2019,
20 Richard A. Depue, ed., The Psychobiology of the Depressive Disorders: Implications for the Effects of Stress (New York, NY: Academic Press, 1979).
21 Dr. Van Hasselt and Captain Geller.


Why is mental health training so important for law enforcement? ›

Peace officers in California and across the nation are frequently called upon to manage incidents involving people with mental illness in crisis. Specialized training on the topic of mental health helps to prepare peace officers to resolve these incidents in a safe and effective manner.

What is training police officers to distinguish mental illness? ›

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training is a specialized police curriculum that aims to reduce the risk of serious injury or death during an emergency interaction between persons with mental illness and police officers. CIT has been implemented widely both nationally and internationally.

Why is it crucial to include mental health awareness and training initiatives in police reform efforts? ›

They can help communities address challenges like the toll that repeated arrests and police encounters take on people who have mental health needs. They can also help ensure offcer well-being and allow offcers to focus on public safety and addressing violent crime.

What is a police department program that can be implemented to reduce stress? ›

Police departments can create incentives to promote officers' mental health. These incentives could include completing voluntary stress management courses while off duty, participating in an exercise program or in stress-reduction activities such as yoga.

Why is health and wellness important for the law enforcement? ›

Physically fit officers are less prone to injury and illness than their less-physically fit colleagues and miss less time on the job. Along with proper nutrition and other wellness programs, law enforcement agency fitness programs keep officers healthy and safe from recruitment to retirement.

What training do police officers get for mental health? ›

Crisis intervention teams (CITs) aim to improve the outcomes of police interactions with individuals with a mental illness. The programme provides training and resources for police officers on mental illness, local mental health systems and laws.

What are the 4 values should a police officer have? ›

Accountability: Being responsible for your actions. Respect: Treating others as you would want to be treated. Integrity: Always doing the right thing. Service: Working to meet the community's needs.

How do you pass a police psychological evaluation? ›

How to prepare for the police psychological exam
  1. Feel confident in yourself. One of the most important steps you should take is to feel confident in yourself and your abilities. ...
  2. Be on time. Always arrive at least 10 minutes early for the psychological exam. ...
  3. Be prepared. ...
  4. Dress appropriately. ...
  5. Be honest. ...
  6. Ask questions.
Oct 27, 2020

Can you be a police officer if you have anxiety? ›

Living with depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder can be difficult, but many people prove capable of managing and functioning normally. If you're fortunate enough to live in a state that fosters this mindset, you should be able to be considered as a candidate just like anyone else.

Why is it important to implement strategies for the promotion and prevention of mental health? ›

Mental health promotion attempts to encourage and increase protective factors and healthy behaviors that can help prevent the onset of a diagnosable mental disorder and reduce risk factors that can lead to the development of a mental disorder.

Why is it important to promote protect and restore mental health? ›

Our mental health influences our physical health, as well as our capability to lead a healthy lifestyle and to manage and recover from physical health conditions. People with physical health problems, especially long-term conditions, are at increased risk of poor mental health - particularly depression and anxiety.

Why is promoting mental health awareness important? ›

Mental health awareness helps educate the public at large. It teaches them that it is okay to share experiences, vulnerabilities, and shared concerns about mental health issues. Reducing the stigma which has been attached to mental health will help countless others.

What are some examples of crime prevention programs? ›

Promising and Model Crime Prevention Programs - Volume I
  • Boys & Girls Club of Canada/America - Programs and Services for At-Risk Youth and Families.
  • Fast Track.
  • Linking the Interests of Family and Teachers (LIFT)
  • Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (BPP)
  • Police Athletic League (PAL)
  • SNAP™ (Stop Now and Plan)
Aug 8, 2022

What are 4 general approaches in police community relations programs? ›

Law enforcement agencies need four types of solutions to accomplish these goals: improving support for officers like us, equipping us with tools to prevent rather than react, focusing our efforts on public safety priorities, and directly engaging the community in our work.

What programs would you implement to improve police/community relations? ›

Some examples of police-community relations programs that currently exist include youth police academies, National Night Out, and neighborhood watch programs. These are also great tools that can be leveraged to improve the trust between law enforcement and the community.

What is the most important skill in law enforcement? ›

Most police officers must have the following skills:
  • Excellent Communication.
  • Ability to Solve Problems.
  • Mental Agility.
  • Conflict Resolution.
  • Integrity.
  • Adaptability.

Does mental health affect police officers? ›

According to the latest law enforcement statistics by the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), police officers report much higher rates of depression, burnout, PTSD, and anxiety than the general population.

What are the 4 functions of law enforcement? ›

As part of law enforcement, police officers have four major responsibilities: enforcing laws, preventing crimes, responding to emergencies, and providing support services.

What does mental health training include? ›

This Mental Health Awareness Training raises awareness of ill-mental health (particularly stress, depression and anxiety), provides tools and guidance for daily wellbeing-management, and aims to remove the stigma surrounding mental health.

What powers do the police have under the Mental Health Act? ›

If the police find you in a public place and you appear to have a mental health disorder and are in need of immediate care or control, they can take you to a place of safety (usually a hospital or sometimes the police station) and detain you there under Section 136.

What is it important for officers to be thoroughly trained on how to deal with emotionally disturbed persons? ›

Mental illness and police use of force

If officers don't have proper training, confrontations involving people with mental illness can escalate quickly. This can put everyone involved in danger. Studies show that people with mental illness are 16 times more likely to be killed by police than other suspects.

What are the 9 police Code of Ethics? ›

Honesty and integrity • Authority, respect and courtesy • Equality and diversity • Use of force • Orders and instructions • Duties and responsibilities • Confidentiality • Fitness for work • Conduct • Challenging and reporting improper conduct Page 2 Code of Ethics: Supporting Documents OFFICIAL 2 OFFICIAL 8.

What are the 6 pillars of policing? ›

Six pillars
  • Pillar 1 — Building trust and legitimacy.
  • Pillar 2 — Policy and oversight.
  • Pillar 3 — Technology and social media.
  • Pillar 4 — Community policing and crime reduction.
  • Pillar 5 — Officer training and education.
  • Pillar 6 — Officer safety and wellness.

What are the 3 major roles of police? ›

  • Investigation related duties and jobs. ...
  • Crime prevention and preservation of peace and security. ...
  • Crime detection work. ...
  • Order maintenance and security jobs. ...
  • Enforcement of Social Legislation, Minor, Major and Special Acts. ...
  • Collection of Intelligence. ...
  • Democratic and election related duties.

Can you beat a psychological evaluation? ›

4. There's No Pass or Fail. Just as there's no cookie-cutter approach to psychological testing, there aren't right or wrong answers to any test questions. This means you can't pass or fail a test, which eliminates the need to study.

What questions are asked on a police psych test? ›

During the interview, the psychologist will ask you a range of questions about your background, work history, current lifestyle, any symptoms or problems you may be experiencing and what your expectations are about the job.

Can someone cheat on a psychological evaluation? ›

Such psychological assessment is subject to malingering or deception. Examinees may attempt to either fake good or fake bad in both the interview and testing. The forensic psychologist must always be wary of the examinee's attempt to malinger due to the secondary gain present in most forensic assessments.

Can you be a cop with PTSD? ›

Becoming a Cop

Even medical records showing PTSD don't automatically disqualify someone from the job candidate pool. If the PTSD is so severe that it would interfere with a candidate's ability to successfully complete daily job requirements, however, employers wouldn't offer that candidate a job.

What disqualifies you from becoming an officer? ›

Felony convictions. Serious misdemeanors. Current drug use or past drug abuse. Dishonorable discharge from military service.

Why is training important for mental health professionals? ›

Training non-specialist workers in mental healthcare is an effective strategy to increase global provision and capacity, and improves knowledge, attitude, skill and confidence among health workers, as well as clinical practice and patient outcome.

What is the purpose of mental health training? ›

Mental health training programs aim to teach employees and managers about common mental health conditions and reduce the stigma surrounding them. People learn to spot the warning signs for cyberbullying, trauma, PTSD, depression/anxiety, and excessive stress in themselves and others.

Why is mental health important for professionals? ›

Without effective support, mental disorders and other mental health conditions can affect a person's confidence and identity at work, capacity to work productively, absences and the ease with which to retain or gain work. Twelve billion working days are lost every year to depression and anxiety alone.

Why is emotional intelligence so necessary for law enforcement officers today? ›

Emotional intelligence helps first responders effectively address conflict with colleagues and community members in a productive, safe and professional manner. Those with greater emotional intelligence also benefit from improved wellness due to enhanced stress management skills and resilience.

How effective is mental health training? ›

Evidence has shown that individuals who complete the MHFA training have: Significantly greater recognition of the most common mental health illnesses and problems. Decreased social distance from people with mental health illnesses or problems. Increased confidence in providing help to others.


1. Developing Partnerships Between Providers and Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Officers
2. SAMHSA’s Eight Guiding Principles for Behavioral Health and Criminal Justice
3. FY2020 JMHCP Orientation Webinar Part 1
(CSG Justice Center)
4. IPRTF - Behavioral Health Committee - Aug. 16, 2022
5. Opioids in Indian Country Part 1: Understanding the Problem
6. Autism and Police: Staying Safe Together (2017)
(Seattle Children's)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Neely Ledner

Last Updated: 03/16/2023

Views: 5640

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (42 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Neely Ledner

Birthday: 1998-06-09

Address: 443 Barrows Terrace, New Jodyberg, CO 57462-5329

Phone: +2433516856029

Job: Central Legal Facilitator

Hobby: Backpacking, Jogging, Magic, Driving, Macrame, Embroidery, Foraging

Introduction: My name is Neely Ledner, I am a bright, determined, beautiful, adventurous, adventurous, spotless, calm person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.